Access Services: One of
three priority services designated in the Older Americans Act to help meet
the aged's needs, refers to such services as transportation, outreach, and
information and referral which help facilitate "access" to
existing supportive services.
Activities of Daily Living (ADL's):
The most basic of personal care tasks: feeding, continence, transferring (in
and out of bed or chair), toileting, dressing and bathing.
Administration on Aging (AoA):
Federal agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
responsible for administering all programs authorized by the Older Americans
Act. Also performs an advocacy role for the elderly.
Ageism: Prejudice or
negative attitudes toward aging and the aged.
Aging Network: A highly
complex and differentiated system of federal, state and local agencies,
organizations and institutions which are responsible for serving and/or
representing the needs of older people.
Area Agency on Aging (AAA or "Triple
A"): An agency designated by the State Unit on
Aging in a planning and service area (PSA) to develop and administer the
area plan for a comprehensive and coordinated system of aging services.
Assisted Living: A
program for frail, nursing-home eligible older adults that provides
apartment style living and services such as meal preparation, bathing and
dressing and routine nursing services.
Benefits Eligibility Screening Services (BESS):
A service for individuals that can generate a list of benefits for which
they are eligible along with application information.
Case Management: The
coordination of the various services needed by vulnerable clients or
patients which are offered by different agencies and providers. Important
elements include an assessment of client needs, the development of an
individualized care plan, the arrangement for provision of services, and
subsequent evaluation of the effectiveness of the services provided.
Certificate of Need (CON):
A state regulatory mechanism for review and approval by health planning
agencies of capital expenditures and service capacity expansions by
hospitals, nursing homes and other health care facilities.
Community-Based Long-Term Care (CBLTC):
Care that is available in the community.
A wide range of non-institutional services, including supportive, health and
personal care, which help older people who need assistance maintain maximum
independent functioning in their own homes or a substitute environment of
Community Focal Point:
A facility established to encourage the maximum collocation and coordination
of services for older people.
Multiple unit housing with shared services and common spaces, often with
various types of living units. Primarily for those who need some supervised
care, but who do not need institutionalized care.
Congregate Meals: A
program which provides, five or more days a week, at least one hot or other
appropriate meal per day to older persons in a group setting. Congregate
nutrition programs may also include nutrition education and other
appropriate services for older people. are not accessible.
Continuing Care Retirement Community (CCRC):
A retirement community that provides a range of care options for residents.
Continuum of Care: A
range of services developed and organized to address the variety of needs
individuals have as they age. This concept recognizes and considers the
availability and extent of short-term and long-term care systems and
services in the community and in institutional settings. Included in the
continuum of care are residential alternatives, in-home care, community
programs, and institutional services.
Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA):
A systematized adjustment of Social Security benefits to keep up with
Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG's):
Health benefit payments to hospitals under Medicare, Part A, are now based
upon a prospective payment system that utilizes a predetermined rate per
case or type of discharge. Rates are adjusted annually and to reflect
regional and wage differences. DRGs are based upon the patient's diagnosis,
age and sex, treatment procedure, and discharge status.
Durable Power of Attorney (DPOA) (also
known as: Durable Power of Attorney for Health Care): A
legal document which authorizes another person to make health care decisions
for you if you lose the capacity to make informed health care decisions for
Elder Cottage Housing Opportunity (ECHO):
A separate, self-contained unit designed for temporary installation in the
side or backyard of an adult child's home. (see also "Granny
in medicine focusing on the physical disabilities and diseases associated
with aging and older persons. Increasingly aging is recognized as a normal
process, not a disease state.
Gerontology: The study
of aging from a broad perspective including but not limited to the clinical
and biological aspects of aging, the social, psychosocial, economic,
historic, and political realms.
Self-contained living units placed or located on or near the residence of a
relative. May be mobile or permanent structures, and are sometimes referred
to as echo housing or granny cottages.
Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA):
Federal agency created in 1977 to provide quality assurance for the Medicare
and Medicaid programs under the Social Security Act. Includes oversight of
the Professional Standards Review Organization, End-Stage Renal Disease
Program, long-term care program and other health and safety standards for
health care providers.
Health Maintenance Organization (HMO):
An organization to which Medicare pays a pre-determined annual fee for each
Medicare eligible person who enrolls. The HMO then provides the older person
with any necessary medically authorized health care during the year.
Home Delivered Meals (HDM):
A program which provides, five or more days a week, at least one home
delivered hot or other appropriate meal per day to older persons who are
homebound or for whom congregate meals are not accessible. Also referred to
as "meals on wheels".
Home Health Agency (HHA):
An agency that provides health services (e.g. home health aide) in the home
Home Health Care:
Health services provided in the individual's home including nursing,
physical, occupational or speech therapy, medical appliances, and
health-related homemaker or social services.
Homes for the Aging: A
category of long-term care homes in Ohio, licensed by the state, that
provide specifically designated types of personal care. They are permitted
to offer skilled nursing services and may or may not qualify for
Hospice Care or Services:
Care that addresses the physical, emotional, familial and social,
psychological, legal and financial needs of a patient and family members.
Generally provided by an interdisciplinary team of practitioners and
volunteers, such services are provided in both institutional and home
Refers to such services as home health aide, family respite services,
visiting and telephone reassurance and chore maintenance which enable older
persons to remain in their homes for as long as possible. They offer an
alternative to premature institutionalization.
Institution-Based Long-Term Care (IBLTC):
Care that is available in an institutional setting such as a nursing home.
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL's):
The more complex activities needed for daily living (e.g. handling personal
finances, shopping, meal preparation, phone use, housekeeping, using
Intermediate Care Facility (ICF):
Supervised environment for persons with stable chronic medical conditions
requiring continuous supervision of and/or assistance with the activities of
daily living, but not requiring skilled nursing or hospital care.
Level of Care (LOC):
The type of professional long-term care required to meet a patient's (or
resident's) health, psychological, social and rehabilitative needs. The LOC
must be determined before application for Medicare and/or Medicaid benefits.
Nursing home which meets the requirements of Ohio's Revised Code Chapter
3721 and regulations establishing the minimum standards for the operation of
a nursing home within the state.
Life Care Communities:
Facilities with residential service contracts that specify the lease terms
of the residential units. May include an entrance fee, a monthly maintenance
fee and other set fees or charges for services.
Life Expectancy: A
statistical measure of the average number of years individuals born in a
given year can be expected to live under the environmental conditions
prevailing in that year. Life expectancy is measured at birth and at other
periods in life and changes as the individual ages.
Long-Term Care (LTC):
Encompassing a wide-range of services, no one definition is possible. In
general, it refers to a range or a continuum of services to meet the
personal, health and social needs of vulnerable individuals whose need(s)
will continue and possibly increase over an indeterminate period of time.
Coordination of members use of health services in order to contain costs,
improve quality or both. Care plan can be fully capitated, partially
capitated , or fee-for-service.
Funded through Title III of the Older Americans Act (OAA), a community-based
nutrition program that provides and delivers daily hot meals to home-bound
elderly. Eligibility standards vary. Privately funded programs also exist.
Means Test: The
determination of eligibility for a program or for services based upon an
individual's or family's income and/or assets. Examples of such programs
include Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income.
health care program created by Title XIX of the Social Security Act and
administered by the states to provide health care to indigent and medically
indigent persons of all ages.
medical insurance program created by Title XVIII of the Social Security Act
that provides health and medical insurance for persons over age 65 and
others eligible for Social Security benefits. Administered by (HCFA).
Includes hospital insurance protection (Part A) and voluntary medical
insurance (physician services) protection (Part B) for a monthly premium.
Multi-Purpose Senior Center (MPSC):
A community facility providing services and activities for older persons.
Representative programs include education, recreation, social, nutrition and
health services. Funded in part under Title III of the Older Americans Act (OAA).
National Association of Area Agencies on
Aging (NAAAA): Membership includes Area Agencies on
Aging, advisory council members, service provider agencies and private
sector representation. Its primary objective is to promote cooperation and
communication within and among the aging network, the federal government,
and other organizations and to provide technical assistance to its members
and other interested individuals and groups promoting service development
and delivery on behalf of the elderly.
National Association of State Units on
Aging (NASUA): The coordinating organization of the
State Units on Aging (SUAs) of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and
the United States territories. It collects and analyzes information for use
by the SUAs and develops training programs for use by the states and other
Nursing Home: A
facility or institution that provides specialized professional services,
such as nursing and health care, personal and social care for residents who
require some form(s) of continuing, supervised care. The various needs of
residents are met by different categories of nursing homes which are
licensed by the states. Categories in Ohio include county and rest homes,
homes for the aging, mental nursing homes, skilled nursing facilities (SNF),
and intermediate care facilities (ICF).
Nursing Home Ombudsman Program (NHOP):
Organizations responsible for responding to questions and complaints about
nursing homes and long-term care facilities. Also includes the involvement
of state regulatory agencies in the resolution of problems if necessary.
Each state must have a state ombudsman.
Ohio Association of Area Agencies on Aging (OAAAA): An organization of Ohio's twelve area agencies
on aging providing advocacy, information, education and training to area
agencies and other agencies in the aging network.
Ohio Department of Aging (ODA):
The designated State Unit on Aging (SUA) responsible for the planning,
coordination, implementation and evaluation of programs and services for
Ohio Network of Educational Consultants in
the Field of Aging (ONECA): An advisory body to the Ohio
Department of Aging on matters of education and training. Members also
assist area agencies with training planning and serve as a general resource
for area agencies.
Ohio Senior Health Insurance and
Information Program (OSHIIP): A health insurance and
information program that is a joint effort of the Ohio Departments of Aging,
Insurance and Human Services. It helps provide answers to questions about
Medicare, Medicaid, private health insurance and Medicare supplemental
Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance (OASDI): Federal program under the Social Security Act
providing benefits to eligible individuals who are fully insured, have
reached entitlement age, and have applied for retirement insurance benefits,
or to those persons who are the eligible survivors of the deceased, insured
Older Americans Act (OAA):
Legislation designed to ensure full participation for older Americans in all
aspects of society. Defines ten objectives, or rights for older persons,
creates AoA, authorizes a variety of social and nutrition programs, provides
for the development and implementation of training, research and
multidisciplinary gerontology centers, promotes community service employment
opportunities for older Americans, and authorizes grants to tribal
organizations for social and nutritional services. Amended every three
Ombudsman: An advocate
who represents residents of long-term care facilities or nursing homes, or
other, interested individuals, who have questions, concerns, complaints or
who believe their rights as nursing home residents have been violated.
designed to seek out older individuals in need of services and to refer them
to the appropriate agencies. These programs often rely upon the reports of
family, neighbors, and community workers who identify isolated or needy
elderly. Title III of the Older Americans Act funds a variety or outreach
programs for older persons.
PASSPORT Administrative Agency (PAA):
The regional administrative office of the PASSPORT program (located in the
12 area agencies on aging and at Catholic Social Services in Sidney, OH).
Planning and Service Area (PSA):
A geographical area in a state or state jurisdiction that is designated for
purposes of planning, development, delivery and overall administration of
services under an area plan that is administered by an Area Agency on Aging
(AAA). Ohio has 12 Planning and Service Areas.
Power of Attorney (POA):
A legal document which authorizes another person (usually a relative) to
make financial decisions for you.
Pre-Admission Screening (PAS):
A process by which an individual is screened to determine if the individual
has severe mental illness and/or mental retardation or is developmentally
disabled and ,if so, whether they need the level of services provided by a
nursing facility or specialized services.
Pre-Admission Screening and Annual Resident
Review (PASARR): Process by which those (from the PAS)
who are in a nursing facility are reviewed annually to see if they still
meet the definition of severely mentally ill or mentally retarded or
developmentally disabled and continue to meet the level of services for a
nursing facility or specialized services.
Pre-Admission Screening System Providing
Options and Resources Today (PASSPORT): The Ohio
Medicaid waiver program that provides in-home alternatives to nursing home
care for low-income seniors frail enough to receive daily nursing care.
Qualified Medicare Beneficiaries (QMB's):
A program that pays out-of-pocket Medicare cost-sharing expenses for very
low-income elderly or disabled persons.
Quality Assurance (QA):
The application of standards, law, policies, procedures, and individual
commitments to ensure the delivery of services consistent with anticipated
Residential State Supplement (RSS):
A program for low-income, blind or disabled Ohioans who need help living on
their own but do not need nursing home care. OSS recipients may live in
licensed rest homes, mental health residential facilities, or in adult
foster, family or group homes that are willing to accept the payment
Rest Homes: A category
of long-term care homes in Ohio that provide personal care and assistance
with the activities of daily living, but are not permitted to offer nursing
services. Must be licensed by the state.
Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF):
Skilled nursing and/or skilled rehabilitative services furnished under the
direction of a physician and requiring the skills of technical or
professional personnel, such as an RN, LPN, licensed physical therapist or
speech therapist. These personnel may either give direct care or may
supervise care by other staff members.
Social Security Act
Enacted in 1935, provides income to workers and eligible dependents upon
retirement, disability, or death; health and hospitalization insurance for
the aged, disabled and low-income; means-tested supplemental security income
for the needy; and block grants for state social services, including
homemaker, chore, protective and day care services. It is administered by
the Social Security Administration.
Programs providing services and activities to promote independent living and
individual welfare, enhance social relationships and life satisfaction,
reduce isolation and to manage problem areas. Examples include day care
centers, transportation services, counseling, and educational and
Spenddown: A method
whereby individuals and/or families seek to establish Medicaid eligibility
by reducing gross income through medical expenses or by transferring assets
in order to meet program requirements. The concept may also be used in
reference to other means-tested programs.
State Unit on Aging (SUA):
Mandated by the Older Americans Act (OAA), each state designated a single
agency to plan, coordinate, secure funding for and evaluate programs for
older persons as authorized by both federal and state government.
Supplemental Security Income (SSI):
National means-tested income support program created by Title XVI of the
Social Security Act for low-income aged, blind and disabled persons.
Telecommunication Device for the Deaf (TDD)/Teletype
(TTY): A device that connects with most standard
telephones which enables people who are deaf, hard-of-hearing or speech
impaired to communicate with others who also have the TTY/TDD.
Universal Pre-Admission Review (UPAR):
A statewide service to help older persons and their family make informed
decisions about long-term care. The review helps ensure that the services
received by older persons are appropriate to meet their needs.
Utilization Review (UR) (as it relates to
Ohio's PASSPORT Program): An evaluation of the type and
amount of services that a PASSPORT client is using and a determination of
whether or not the services are justified.
Veterans Administration (VA):
Administers benefits for former Armed Services members and their dependents.
Coverage and benefits include disability and death, pensions, medical
treatment and hospitalization, nursing home and domiciliary care, and
White House Conference on Aging (WHCOA):
A national conference called for the purpose of reviewing existing policies
which affect the elderly and making recommendations on how those policies
can be strengthened and improved. The first national Conference on Aging was
held in 1950. Subsequent White House Conferences on Aging have been held in
1961, 1971, 1981, and 1995.
American Association of Retired Persons, Acronyms in Aging, Washington,
D.C., 1986; U.S. DHHS, PHS, NIA, Age Words: A Glossary on Health and Aging,
Washington, D.C., 1986; Springer Publishing Co., The Encyclopedia of Aging,
New York, 1987; American Association of Retired Persons, Housing Options for
Older Americans, Washington, D.C., 1984; National Association of State Units
on Aging, An Orientation to the Older Americans Act, Washington, D.C. 1985;
Scripps Gerontology Center, Miami University and the College of Social Work,
Ohio State University, A Study of Ohio's PASSPORT Program, Oxford, Ohio,
1987; Ohio State Bar Association, What You Need to Know About Ohio's Living
Will Law, Columbus, Ohio, 1991; U.S. DHHS, SSA, Social Security Handbook,
9th ed., Washington, D.C., 1986.